Facts and figures about GERD

Where is GERD located?

GERD is located in Ethiopia close to the border with Sudan within the Regional State of Benshangul Gumuz.

What the schematic drawing of GERD looks like?

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What did the Construction of GERD start?

The construction of the GERD was inaugurated in April 2011 by late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. The project was made public first as Millennium Dam and finally Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and sometimes shortly referred as Renaissance Dam. The Dam was announced on March 12, 2011; a contract was signed with Salini and cornerstone placed on April 2, 2011.

What is financing the construction of the GERD?

The GERD is financed by the Ethiopian people through a sale of bond and cash contributions.  The government employees, business owners, and citizens of Ethiopian origin in the diaspora participated in the purchase of the bond.  For years financing from outside sources was blocked by Egypt and her allies, under the Leadership of the then Prime Minister Meles Zenawi the Ethiopian people realised self-financing is the only option.

What is the dam type?

The GERD is a roller compacted concrete dam. GERD’s water retaining structures include: the Main Dam, a roller compacted concrete (RCC) structure1,800 m long and 175 m high, and a Saddle Dam, a concrete faced rockfill (CFRD) structure, 5,000 m long and 60 m high, with embankment volume of 17 million m3.
What is the installed capacity of GERD and the expected annual generation capacity?

What is the type and number of turbines used in GERD?

It was planned to have an installed capacity of 6,450MW but recently the installed capacity was revised to 5,150 MW.  The expected average annual energy production is 15,700 GWh.

What was the earlier planning effort started?

Initially, the Dam was planned to have 16 turbine units, but recent revisions reduced it to 13 turbines with similar energy output with the initial plan.

What is the latest planning and design of GERD conducted?

The site for the GERD was part of sites identified by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) in the Blue Nile survey, which was conducted during the administration of Aklilu Habtewold in the reign of King Haile Selassie I.

What is the GERD compared with Aswan High Dam in Egypt?

Info. type

Aswan High Dam


Year Built

1960 to 1970

Started in 2011


South of Egypt with the Sudan Border

Northwest of Ethiopia with the Sudan Border


Hydroelectric generation, flood mitigation, and irrigation.

Mainly for hydroelectric generation

Installed Electrical Generating Capacity

a total of 2.1 gigawatts

a power generation capacity of 15,700 GWh per annum

Local name of (Reservoir) storage area

Lake Nasir

To be determined (EiPSA proposed Lake Simeyew)

Displaced Peoples due to reservoir inundation

More than 100,000 people in Egypt and 50,000 to 70,000 Sudanese Nubians were relocated.

Estimated 10,000

Dam parameters

4,000 meters (13,000 ft) long, 111 m (364 ft) tall, and 980 m (3,220 ft) wide. at the base, 40 m (130 ft) wide at the crest and

The Main Dam is 1,800 meters (5905 ft) long and 175 m (574 ft) high. It includes 5,000 m (16,404 ft) long and 60 m (196 ft) high concrete faced rockfill (CFRD) Saddle Dam.

Reservoir Surface Area

The reservoir 550 km (340 mi) long and 35 km (22 mi) at its widest, with a surface area of 5,250 square kilometers (2,030 sq. mi).

1874 km sq. (732 sq. mi)

Maximum Capacity

132 km3

74 km3 maximum capacity at elevation 640 m

Estimated Evaporation

About 14 × 109 m3 (14 × 106 km3), which is about 11% of the total storage

Expected to be 3% of the annual inflow which corresponds to 1.5 km3

What many dams are located on the River Nile in the three counties?

GERD in Ethiopia
Sennar, Roseires, and Melro in Sudan
High Aswan Dam in Egypt
There are other dams in Sudan on Atbara and White Nile River.
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